​​What Are The 12 Months in Spanish? An amazing guide.

Clipboard with a 2021 Calendar showing the Months in Spanish

Learning the months of the year in Spanish is one of the first steps learners take on their language journey. 


Knowing how to say the Spanish months of the year, means you can engage in lots of daily conversations, with easy sentences you can use to get to know people.

Questions such as:

  • When is your birthday? ¿En qué mes cumples años?
  • What is your favorite month of the year? – ¿Cuál es tu mes favorito del año?
  • How do you say December in Spanish? – ¿Cómo dices December en español?

Here’s the deal:

In this article, you’ll learn each month of the year in Spanish, how to pronounce them, some tips on grammar, and more ways to use them in daily conversation.

Are you ready?


The Months in Spanish

Calendar displaying the month of January and someone's glasses who was learning about months in Spanish

The months in Spanish are very similar to the pronunciation in English due to their common heritage:

  • Enero: January
  • Febrero: February
  • Marzo: March
  • Abril: April
  • Mayo: May
  • Junio: June
  • Julio: July
  • Agosto: August
  • Septiembre: September
  • Octubre: October
  • Noviembre: November
  • Diciembre: December

Names Origin of the Months in Spanish

2016 Schedule showing the months of the year in English and ready to be translated into months in Spanish

Where do all these names come from?

The names of the months all come from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire.

In fact:

Here’s a list of their meaning:

Enero: From the Roman god Janus, the guardian of doors and gates.

Febrero: From a word meaning “purify.” A feast of purification was once held at this time of year.

Marzo: From Martius, the word for the planet Mars.

Abril: Meaning uncertain. It may be a variation of the name of the Greek god Aphrodite.

Mayo: Possibly from Maia, a Roman earth goddess.

Junio: Possibly from Junio, a goddess married to Jupiter.

Julio: In honor of Julius Caesar.

Agosto: In honor of August Caesar.

Septiembre: From a Latin word for “seven.” September was the seventh month of the old Roman calendar.

Octubre: From a Latin word for “eight.”

Noviembre: From a Latin word for “nine.”

Diciembre: From a Latin word for “ten.”

Grammar of the Months in Spanish

Keep in mind:

All of the names for months are masculine, although it usually isn’t necessary to use the article el except when giving specific dates, and then the “el” comes before the number rather than the month.

Not only that:

The names of the months are not capitalized in Spanish (except at the beginning of a sentence or composition title).

Three months have adjective forms: abrileño (related to April), marzal (related to March), and agosteño (related to August). 

Here’s an example:

Las lluvias abrileñas de nuestro país son persistentes. (The April rains in our country are persistent.)

How to Write Dates in Spanish

Calendar markings on a planner about months in Spanish and English

The most common way of giving dates is following this pattern: 

El 1 de enero de 2000. For example: La Declaración de Independencia de los EE.UU. fue ratificada por el Congreso Continental el 4 de julio de 1776 en Filadelfia. (The U.S. Declaration of Independence was ratified by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia.)

As in that example, the word “on” in an “on + date” phrase does not have to be translated into Spanish.

Otherwise, the names of months are used similarly to the structure in English.

How so?

Here’s some examples:

  • Abril es el cuarto mes del año. (April is the fourth month of the year.)
  • Asturias registró el febrero más seco y cálido desde 1990. (Asturias recorded the driest, warmest February since 1990.)
  • Un año bisiesto es uno con 366 días en vez de 365. Cada cuatro años, febrero tiene un día más. (A leap year is one with 366 days instead of 356. Every four years, February has an extra day.)
  • Fue publicado el 28 de febrero de 2008. (It was published on February 28, 2008.)
  • Era un diciembre mágico. (It was a magic December.)
  • Se celebra el 24 de octubre como Día de las Naciones Unidas. (October 24 is celebrated as United Nations Day.)
  • Según las creencias de la astrología, las personas que nacieron el 20 de octubre son en cierto modo una paradoja. (According to astrological beliefs, people born on Oct. 20 are paradoxical in some way.)
  • El 25 de octubre es el 298o día del año en el calendario gregoriano. (October 25 is the 298th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.)
  • Cada febrero, una marmota llamada Phil sale de su cueva. (Each February, a groundhog named Phil comes out of his burrow.)
  • El 6 de enero es un día importante para la niñez mexicana, porque es el día que llegan los Reyes Magos a dejar regalos. (January 6 is an important date for Mexican children, because it is the day that the Wise Men arrive to leave gifts.)

Final Words on The Months in Spanish

Females hands writing on a calendar that contains the months in Spanish

And just like that, our journey through the Spanish months comes to an end. It feels a bit like saying goodbye to a good friend, doesn’t it?

We’ve danced through the names, origins and meanings of the months of the year in Spanish.

Not only that

We also learned how to use them with some useful phrases and how to write the dates of months in Spanish properly using some examples.

As we wrap up this little adventure, may the names of these months in Spanish stick with you, just like the lyrics of a favorite song. 

¡Nos vemos, queridos meses! (See you later, dear months!)

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Since he was a child, Daniel has been passionate about Social Dynamics. Learn how Daniel got his start as a Language Coach, and why he decided to start this language blog. If you want to send Daniel a quick message, then visit his contact page here.

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