How to Say Family Names in Spanish: What are The Family Members Names in Spanish

Family of four, the father, the mother, and two children. These are some Family names in Spanish.

Who are your family members, how many Family names in Spanish do you know?

These are among the first questions you may be tested on when you meet and first become acquainted with a native Spanish speaker.

Not only that:

Depending on your age, you may be asked about your parents and what they do for a living, or you may be asked if you are married or have any children.

Think about it:

Learn the Spanish words to describe your family members, then bring a photo along, and even if you’re a beginner and know only simple grammar, you’ll be able to engage in conversation.

It’s important to know how to talk about your family in Spanish and most importantly understand when your Spanish-speaking friends mention their families, relationships, or relatives.

Our blog post is the perfect solution for you if you don’t feel comfortable with this topic.

¡Vamos allá! (Let’s go!)

Intro to family members and Family names in Spanish

A family of four walking down the street. Family names in Spanish become very important to name each of the people in the picture.

Families are incredibly important across cultures all over the world, and the concept of family takes on a whole new meaning in Spanish-speaking cultures.

Why?

Spanish speakers tend to have more siblings, cousins, aunts, and uncles, but they also tend to be a lot closer with their extended family.

In fact:

If you come from the United States–or any other country that speaks a Germanic language–you’ll likely have a very different perspective on all things family.

Learning to talk about family members and family names in Spanish can help you:

Gender and Family members

A family gathering with multiple people and many family members including tios and tias.

Masculine plurals in Spanish can refer to mixed groups of males and females. Thus, cuatro hijos can mean either “four sons” or “four children,” depending on the context.

Keep in mind:

While it may sound strange to the ear attuned to English, padres is a grammatically correct way to refer to both a mother and father, even though padre alone refers to a father. Also, note that the word Pariente means “relative” in general; the Spanish-English cognate doesn’t refer only to parents.

Immediate Family members in Spanish

padre: father
madre: mother
hijo: son
hija: daughter
esposo: husband
esposa: wife
padres: parents
hermano: brother
hermana: sister

Children will often call their father papá and their mother mamá. When saying or writing these family names in Spanish, remember to put the accent on the final syllable or you will be saying another word.

Relatives and Extended Family in Spanish

tatarabuelo: great great grandfather
tatarabuela: great great grandmother
bisabuelo: great grandfather
bisabuela: great grandmother
abuelos: grandparents
abuelo: grandfather
abuela: grandmother
nietos: grandchildren
nieto: grandson
nieta: granddaughter
bisnieto: great grandson
bisnieta: great granddaughter

tío: tio
tía: tia
primos: cousins
primo: cousin (male)
prima: cousin (female)
sobrino: nephew
sobrina: niece

The generic name for uncles and aunts in most spanish speaking countries is Tios.

However:

You don’t need to say tios y tias as we do in English because the word tios includes them both. The same rule applies for nephews and nieces (sobrinos).

The In-Laws in Spanish

The in-laws are the members of the family of your spouse (the person you are married to) or via a marriage in your family:

suegro: father-in-law
suegra: mother-in-law
yerno: son-in-law
nuera: daughter-in-law
cuñado: brother-in-law
cuñada: sister-in-law

Other Family Members Terms

A whole family cooking a meal together. It looks like the father and the mother are  the ones taking the lead in the kitchen and preparing a delicious meal for all the other family members.

La familia política or los políticos may be used as the equivalent of “the in-laws.”

Why?

The terms refer to people to whom one is related by marriage. (In a different context, políticos can also refer to politicians.)

Here’s the deal:

The term amigovio or amigovia can be used colloquially in some areas to refer to a person with whom another person has a romantic or sexual relationship that hasn’t necessarily been formalized, such as a “friend with benefits”

This is a word of fairly recent origin, so its meaning isn’t uniform in all areas.

Keep in mind:

While marido refers to a husband, there is no corresponding feminine form, marida, in standard use.

Sentences Referring to Family Members

Here are some simple sample sentences you can use as models for your own:

Spanish Sentence: Mi padre es carpintero.

English Sentence: My father is a carpenter.

Spanish Sentence: Mi tía es dentista.

English Sentence: My aunt is a dentist.

Spanish Sentence: Mi madre es ama de casa.

English Sentence: My mother is a housewife.

Spanish Sentence: Tengo dos hermanos y una hermana.

English Sentence: I have two brothers and a sister.

Spanish Sentence: Tengo cuatro hermanos.

This sentence can be seen as ambiguous by English speakers. It can be correctly translated as either “I have four brothers” or “I have four siblings.”Tengo nueve tíos. “I have nine aunts and uncles” or “I have nine uncles.

Spanish Sentence: Mi madrastra vive en el estado de Nueva York.

English Sentence: My stepmother lives in New York state.

Spanish Sentence: Mis sobrinas viven en Chicago.

English Sentence: My nieces live in Chicago.

Spanish sentence: Mi padre está muerto.

English Sentence: My father is dead.

Spanish Sentence: Mi prima está muerta.

English Sentence: My female cousin is dead.

Spanish Sentence: Mi madre está viva.

English Sentence: My mother is alive.

Spanish Sentence: Otto y Edith Frank fueron los padres de Ana Frank.

English Sentence: Otto and Edith Frank were the parents of Anne Frank.

Spanish Sentence: Los primos no pueden casarse según nuestra cultura.

English Sentence: Cousins cannot marry according to our culture.

Spanish Sentence: Las suegras Siempre tienen mala reputación.

English Sentence: Mothers-in-law always have a bad reputation.

Final Words on Spanish family members

A family of three. The parents pulling their boy up in the air. El papá, la mamá and el niño are all family names in Spanish.

Learning all the family names in Spanish can take a while, especially if you’re just starting to learn.

There’s no reason not to start using a few words right away. We hope that this article about family members in Spanish has been helpful.

Families are becoming more complex nowadays. Being prepared for any situation is a good idea. The vocabulary may not be necessary for you, but knowing it will help you understand others when they talk about their extended families.

By the way:

If you’re planning on learning Spanish, I have some good news: You can work with me directly. To learn about my special language learning method that emphasizes good habits and lifestyle over grammar, be sure to contact me, or if you want access to exclusive content I don’t share anywhere else, follow me on Instagram.

Meet Daniel

Since he was a child, Daniel has been passionate about Social Dynamics. Learn how Daniel got his start as a Language Coach, and why he decided to start this language blog. If you want to send Daniel a quick message, then visit his contact page here.

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