Colors in Spanish: The Best Guide for Language Enthusiasts

June 12, 2024

Daniel Herrera

boy with colorful hands and covering his face illustrating colors in Spanish

How do you say the word “colors” in Spanish

We say: “Los colores.” 

Case in point:

In Spanish anything that has color in it or is colored is called: “coloreado or colorido.”

According to Johann Von Goethe’s teoría del color (theory of colors), colors are sensations produced by light rays that impress visually and depend on the wavelength of such rays.

In fact:

Scholars like Goethe who have studied colors define them as perception. Objects can absorb segments of the light spectrum. 

The other segments that do not absorb light transmit different stimuli that produce a sensation of color in the eye of the beholder. 

Not only that:

Colors are an essential part of any language. They provide accurate and detailed descriptions of objects, places, animals, body parts, and much more.

Wanna learn some?


Intro to Colors in Spanish

Person with a painted face with multiple colors in Spanish and looking intently at the camera

The world of colors in Spanish is full of mysteries and wonders to discover.


Colors in Spanish and English are a daily part of life. They bring joy and make our surroundings vivid and visually appealing.

Here’s the deal

Los colores (colors) are possible to admire in decoration, art, clothes, objects, pictures, and living organisms. Above all, colors serve as a form of expression and communication.

Not only that:

As you move forward in building up your language skills, understanding colors in Spanish and the Spanish color wheel can be helpful to express yourself in Spanish with confidence and sound like a native speaker. Understanding the Spanish color vocabulary is essential for describing the vibrant world around us.

List of Spanish Color Vocabulary

The main colors in Spanish are:

  • negro – black
  • marrón / café – brown
  • gris – gray / grey
  • blanco – white
  • amarillo – yellow
  • anaranjado / naranjo – orange
  • rojo – red
  • rosado – pink
  • morado / púrpura – purple
  • azul – blue
  • verde – green

For example, las camisetas son de color rosa (the shirts are the color pink).

Keep in mind:

Even tho rare some colors have two different words. Which one you use depends on the country you are in.

Grammar for Colors in Spanish: Feminine Form

Art piece painted with different colors to display interesting colors in spanish.

Using the names of colors in Spanish intuitively requires you to know grammar rules related to word order, gender agreement, and color-derived nouns.

When using colors as adjectives, it is important to match the gender of the noun. For example, some colors have a feminine form, such as ‘roja’ for red when describing a feminine noun. Understanding the correct use of feminine nouns and their corresponding color adjectives is crucial for proper grammar in Spanish.

Word Order

Colors are used as adjectives when they describe a subject or noun. Like other adjectives in Spanish, the color comes after the noun in a sentence.

Such as:

  • La casa rosada (The pink house)
  • La manzana verde (The green apple)
  • La bolsa roja (The red bag)
  • El perro blanco (The white dog)
  • La mesa azul (The blue table)
  • Las sillas amarillas (The yellow chairs)
  • Los aretes plateados (The silver earrings)
  • El coche azul oscuro (The dark blue car)

Talking About Typical Things of Each Color in Spanish in Latin America

The following is a list is typically associated with each color:

  • Rojo (Red): frutillas, vino, sangre, rosas.
  • Anaranjado (Orange): zapallo, zanahoria, pelota de basketball, naranja.
  • Amarillo (Yellow): queso, sol, mantequilla, limón.
  • Azul (Blue): cielo, océano, pitúfo
  • Verde (Green): hoja, árbol, pasto, rana, moco
  • Negro (Black): murciélago, noche, neumático.
  • Blanco (White): papel, azúcar, leche.
  • Rosado (Pink): cerdo, lengua, dulce de algodón.
  • Marrón (Brown): madera, cigarro, tierra.
  • Gris (Grey): rocas, plomo, plata, el cielo está gris (The sky is gray).
  • Morado (Purple): uva, hematoma (moratón)

What other typical things can you add to each color?

Using Colors in Spanish to describe objects and places

Colored pencils displaying all the most basic colors  in Spanish

When you describe an object or place based on the color you say es de color, de color, or de color de. All these are interchangeable.

Here are some examples:

  • La moto es de color rojo – The motorcycle is red.
  • Mi cuarto es de color rosa – My room is pink.
  • La cortina es de color cereza – The curtain is cherry-colored.
  • La camisa es de color azul marino – The shirt is navy blue.

Using Colors in Spanish to describe People

Describing a person or any other living being’s features often relies on colors as adjectives.

Here’s a list of example sentences you can use to physically describe a person and the colors of their features.

  • Andrea tiene la piel morena – Andrea has brown skin.
  • Los ojos de Krista son avellana y su cabello es castaño – Krista’s eyes are hazel and she is a brunette.
  • Sebastián tiene el cabello rubio – Sebastian has blond hair.
  • Ana es de piel blanca, pelirroja y tiene ojos verdes – Ana has white skin, red hair, and green eyes.
  • Marta tiene los ojos azules (Marta has blue eyes)

Keep in mind:

Colors in English and Spanish don’t always use the same translation, especially when it comes to specific face and body traits.

Spanish uses different words for hair, skin, and eye colors.

Skin Colors in Spanish (Colores de piel)

Skin tones come in a diverse variety. Skin colors often use other names in Spanish to the colors in English.

Here’s a list of commonly used names for skin colors in Spanish:

  • la piel negra (black skin)
  • la piel blanca (white skin)
  • la piel morena (brown skin)
  • la piel morena clara (light brown skin)

Eye Colors in Spanish (Colores de ojos): Blue Eyes

Los ojos (eyes) are unique like fingerprints. Each person’s eye color is specific and has a particular appearance. 

Here’s a list of the most common eye colors in Spanish.

  • Café (brown)
  • Avellana (hazel)
  • Azules (blue)
  • Verdes (green)
  • Grises (gray)
  • Ámbar (amber)

Hair Colors in Spanish (Colores de cabello)

El color de cabello (hair color) is essential to describe yourself and others. 

  • Rubio (blond)
  • Castaño (brunette)
  • Pelirrojo (ginger)
  • Negro (black)
  • Gris (grey)

Final Words On The Four Seasons In Spanish

colored pencils with the main colors from yellow to grey in Spanish

There you go amigos:

Imagine stepping into a world where colors come alive in every sentence you speak when using some of the colors we learned in this article! 

But wait, there’s more:

It’s not just about words; it’s about painting vivid pictures with language! Colors paint the world around us, from describing objects and places to even bringing people to life with colorful descriptions.

Who says learning can’t be fun? 

Join us in embracing the joy of language learning, where every word is a brushstroke on the canvas of communication.

In fact:

Grab your Spanish dictionary and get ready to add a splash of color to your conversations! With this guide, you’ll be speaking Spanish with all the vibrancy of a fiesta in no time.

Nos vemos!

By the way:

Do you want to feel at home in over 21 countries and speak Spanish fluently?

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Meet Daniel

Since he was a child, Daniel has been passionate about Social Dynamics. Learn how Daniel got his start as a Language Coach, and why he decided to start this language blog. If you want to send Daniel a quick message, then visit his contact page here.

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